If you are thinking of trying to add some fruit trees to your landscape this spring, we have some tips to help prepare you for a successful experience. Planting fruit trees is not complicated, however knowing what things to consider before planting them will help ensure a plentiful harvest and save some headache and disappointment along the way.
Deciding which tree you want is only have the battle. Unlike non fruit bearing trees and plants, fruit trees take some additional work to maintain. Certain plants like, fig, mulberry, persimmons, pawpaw and serviceberry are usually the easier trees to plant and do not need as much pruning and are more pest resistant. However, trees like pear, apple and peach are more labor intensive, even for the more experienced gardener.
You may not experience any issues for the first few years but once they become of age and start to grow fruit, that is when the real work begins. The battle against pest and various diseases can become very time consuming….and expensive.
Each specific breed of tree has its own unique disease and pest it will be more prone to, peaches being the most difficult. Diseases like brown rot make the fruit prone to rotting and bruising. The Peachtree borer feeds on the base of the tree damaging and often times killing the tree.
Another thing to consider is just because the plant is sold at a nursery does not mean it can withstand the Maryland winter weather. For trees like citrus and figs, these trees will need to be planted in large containers and then moved indoors when winter comes. Fig trees can be planted in the ground but then they will require their branches, base
You should also take into account the mature size of the tree before planting it to make sure the space you have selected will provide enough room for it without damaging property or creating too much shade for surrounding trees and plants, depriving them of the sunlight and nutrients they need.
If you are limited on space or would like a less maintenance plant while still enjoying the fruits of your labor, consider smaller options such as strawberries, grapes, blueberries, raspberries and chokeberries. These vines and bushes will be smaller than their fruit tree counterparts but will still deliver delicious flavor and will make an appealing landscape addition.
If you would like help deciding which plant, vine or bush would fit perfectly in your Bowie, MD garden landscape, give us a call today at 301-501-5030.